Queen Honey Bee Laying Eggs Being Fed and Groomed Narrated Facts and Information

okay so today is Sunday July 7th and
what we’re looking at is my observation hive and dead center here is a young
queen that has done a fantastic job of creating great brood patterns and she’s
laying eggs right now so this entire video is just gonna show this Queen
roaming around the frames and depositing her eggs and also the behavior of the
worker bees around her these are attending nurse bees that follow her
everywhere she goes and this gives me a chance to show you a very young queen in
fact this year my entire apiary has swarmed and produced their own Queens
and replaced their Queens and they’ve been superseded so now every queen of my
apiary is under a year old and they were produced this year this summer so what
we’re looking at I made a split and set up this observation hive again this
spring and we established this on the 30th of May and I had of course capped
brood and everything in there and there were a bunch of Queen cells so you may
have seen back around June 6th I had video of the Queen’s piping in their
cells and I was wondering which of them would hatch out which Queen would
prevail and they come from Weaver stock originally of course but because the
Queen’s have been replaced they did virgin flights here and we don’t really
know the genetic history of these bees because this Queen obviously she’s dark
the Weaver Queens that I get are normally blonde colored or golden and we
can tell that this Queen is young for a lot of reasons other than the fact that
we knew that there was no Queen laying when I set up this observation hive so
here we are she hatched out around June 6th there were at least four visible
Queen cells and that means that this one won the battle she won the competition
and stung to death the others right through their cell walls and then the
bee store open those Queen cells and removed and discarded the remain
and took apart of some of the queen cells although they seem to be keeping
some of those cells handy they’re about half size they’re empty but I think
they’re ready to replace the Queen anytime they feel they need to but I
think this awesome looking queen look how long her body is she definitely is
healthy she does show some signs that she might have been in a battle or two
she’s got some nips on her wings but how do we know that this is a brand new
queen other than the obvious I set the hive up myself I know the
colony history and I was a little concerned because obviously we have no
control and there’s nothing but Queen cells we’re counting on them to fly out
do mating flights sometimes they do more than one and of course when these Queen
cells hatched out we had bad weather it rained and I had a nice discussion with
our beekeeping Association president who also was the State Beekeepers
Association president in the past because I wondered you know how long
does a queen bee have when she’s a virgin and she hatches out because I
could see her walking across the frames and she was obviously very skinny very
small and not capable of laying so she’d not been mated and in fact her abdomen
extended just a little beyond the length of her wings here so if you look at the
wings across her back now they run about halfway down her abdomen so she is
obviously laying AIDS she’s fertile and she’s much larger here she’s being fed
by a worker and these attendants come up to her that workers tongue is folded
back actually and several of these nurse bees will continue to attend and feed
the Queen but back to the discussion here she obviously had a battle with
some of the other Queens she flew out and my concern when talking to our
beekeeping president was how long do they have ten days a week five days what
if she doesn’t get out and get mated and now I have an infertile queen roaming
around well he says that sometimes they fly up to two weeks and I’ve also
learned subsequent leave that queen that hasn’t been made
within 20 days is pretty much finished so they have much more time than you
might think now when we’re looking at her calendar we’re trying to mark out
and plan for when the colony is going to be in full production and when her
bees are gonna be hatching out and taking over we’re looking at you know we
try to plan it and we want to get down to specific days well it doesn’t always
work like that this Queen took her sweet time doing her
maiden flights and then how many drones will she meet with well you know what
that’s all over the chart she may mate with 10 drones 11 12 15 the reports are
all wide and varied but I do know one thing
this Queen is very fertile and she is loaded with eggs I mean she can mate
with one drone and get more than a million fertile eggs so in each drone of
course once they mate with her they died now when she flew out we don’t know the
genetics she flew out to a drone congregation area which may even be
several miles from where my apiary is and then she made so the fastest flying
drones the healthiest drones so I’m hoping that those drones are maybe even
from feral colonies around here that have survived winter so I’ll get that
great combination of the raw resistant hygienic stock that comes from the
Weaver family and of course I have this queen who’s a hybrid and she flew out
and there are thunderstorms and rain while I’m shooting this so if you hear
background noise that’s what’s going on there there she’s being groomed by some
very nervous and fully attended bees and all she’s laying at a butt now what
frame is she on and she started on this is an eighth frame and the frames are
full depth eighth frame observation hive and they’re oriented in pairs pairs
directly above each other so when you look at the face frames you’re looking
at four full frames on one side vertically stacked and she started
laying of course in the third frame down and then just as it progresses in other
hives the colony if you’ve got multiple boxes
and she starts the spring out laying her eggs and one of the upper frames upper
boxes as the season progresses she fills those frames with eggs and they hatch
out they become larvae then they become brood that are capped at the end and
once they’re capped she moves on and starts filling uncap cells which is what
she’s doing here so she continually moves down until now the bottom frame a
few weeks from now will be full of capped brood and she’ll continue to lay
eggs as the brood hatches out the minute a baby bee hatches out of her cell and
the others clean it out a lot of people will say that that hatched worker cleans
her own cell but it’s been my experience looking at the observation hive here
that when a worker bee hatches out of her cell she scoots out kind of silver
blonde colored and they’re all wet they have lots of fuzz on him the other nurse
bees go right in and start cleaning her cells so I haven’t actually seen the
worker hatch out turn around and clean her own cell although that’s the common
thought line and of course she’s being fed again here remember she has to
consume massive resources because she’s going to lay basically her weight in
eggs every day the question comes up all the time
how many eggs does she lay in a day people will say eighteen hundred sixteen
hundred a thousand that is of course limited by the number of space the open
cells that she has laid eggs in a queen constantly searches and scours the cells
on the frames to see if there are suitable cells for eggs to be put in and
this screen right here she is awesome when you look near the end of this video
I will show you the full brood patterns that she’s done in the frame above where
she is in this sequence and it is impressive she is laying eggs and
every available cell so if there are Queens that lay 12 1,500 eggs a day I
would say that this gal right here is one of them now let’s go over some other
things what if you didn’t know the history of this Queen how do we know
that she’s a young Queen well first of all look how fuzzy she is there are
moments in this video when she will press up against the glass with her
thorax there and you can actually see all the hairs on that shiny thorax which
is a big shiny black section right behind her head there look at all the
fur on it Queens that have been in lay for a long time
rub that far away when they aren’t investigating cells to lay their eggs in
so when she pokes her head in there and she looks around and she checks to see
if it’s suitable for egg-laying she is wearing away the fuzz on her thorax the
other thing is look at her abdomen that long segmented pointy section that she
is now poking at these frames while she does her inspection that also has a lot
of fuzz on it and as she is older she’s gonna wear that off because she is
constantly wearing the fuzz off of her body when she inserts her abdomen into
each cell to lay an egg so she’s got lots of fuzz on her it’s evident she is
a young Queen now when did she hatched we know that today is July 7th she
actually hatched out June 6th so she’s doing really well and she did not go in
to lay right away so I was a little concerned in fact I
was ready to order a backup Queen for this colony because the others all
hatched too that meant that he ran the risk of a lot of things going wrong one
being that the Queen’s could fight that all the Queen’s would defeat each other
that may be the worker bees would reject the Queen that hatched out maybe they’d
fly out for a mating flight not come back look at the edges of her wings
right here and you can see that she’s been in some kind of conflict so then
the idea you know some people like to cut away all the other Queen cells and
Bank on good one I don’t do that if there are
four or five six Queen cells in there I leave them all and then I let them
decide on their own which of those Queens is going to prevail and which is
going to do her version flight and come back and then of course become the
source of every egg that’s going to be laid in that colony in the future and
this is gonna be fantastic based on what I’m seeing here look at the length of
the Queen but I’m pretty excited about it I don’t know about you there are some
Queens that are really fat like the Weaver Queens that I receive they’re not
this long and but they are really heavy bodied and this one is more long and
slender and she really moves through the frames as we show here effortlessly just
planting hay after egg pausing to be fed by these nurse bees and of course how
long is it going to be before we see baby bees coming out of these cells 21
days so we are behind what’s going to go on in 21 days this colony is going to be
overloaded with bees so they could actually swarm out again and caused me
some problems they could set themselves back but before they do that all the
comb will be drawn out and there’ll be a huge population if they make new Queens
just before winter that’s also fine with me
apologies for being out of focus here a little bit again she’s being fed look at
them all constantly grooming her remember the stock that are around her
now are not her own bees because they have not hatched yet and she didn’t go
straight in delay she hatched on the sixth of June but she wasn’t laying for
a good week and after that and I didn’t see eggs
until almost mijin so any eggs that she’s laid have not yet come all the way
through their development and hatched out so we’re not seeing her stock yet so
it’s going to be interesting in the coming weeks some of the brood is capped
lots of brood is capped so we are going to be seeing her
Liv’s not coming off of her very soon in the next couple of weeks here and we’re
gonna see what the colony starts to shape up like and what their attitude is
so it’s just a great opportunity to show this queen I was fortunate that she
stayed on the outside frames enough because remember these frames were in
pairs she could just as easily be doing this sandwiched in between frames and I
wouldn’t be able to share it with you so it was exciting that she stayed on this
frame so long that she filled every available cell and then I was able to
make such a lengthy video and talk to you about queen bees so we’ll see how it
goes through winter now this observation hive is in a be shed that is sheltered
from wind and of course the sun’s heat and everything else it is not insulated
and it is not heated normally observation Heights are put inside your
house so they’re in a heated space and you have a tube that connects them to
the outside and they come and go when the weather is good and you just take
care of them inside your house I don’t do that my observation hive is basically
just now an eighth frame hive that sits in a shed that sheltered from weather
but gets exposed to all the same cold temperatures and hot temperatures and we
have temperature gauges inside so I can see what the ranges are through the day
in the night and we get to see how they progress we do put insulation board on
it on really cold days I up two and a half inch rigid insulation board that
covers this plexiglass panel that we’re looking through now and they are vented
through the outside there are four available vents on the inside but we
plug most of those up when it cools off and we just have one vent inside and
then the entry vent outside and they actually get through winter pretty good
although we changed everything out this year we didn’t have a die-off through
the last winter so these are is an entirely new colony established by doing
a split with one of my very productive colonies that came through winter and
they were in jeopardy of swarming of course early so I pulled them apart
in May and that made the split decided to restock the observation hive with
their frames there’s a little bee Singh there venting moving the air through and
the communes apart she’s talking about her business depositing eggs left and
right everywhere and if you keep watching I’ll show you what the upper
frames look like and you can see what her breed pattern is I cannot be happier
wish I knew more about the Queen but of course we will learn more and the
observation hive also allows us to see these bees very close we can see if they
have Varela on them these are nurse bees we can see the
brood frames that’s where the varroa are most likely to appear we can see that
they have drone cells on the edges of the frames and I expect this Queen to
carry them well through winter this year and we have lots of resources even
though we’ve got rains storms it’s raining today we have a series of
thunderstorms coming through they are flying out in the rain in fact yesterday
I posted a video showing look at the fuzz on her thorax right there see it
against the glass this is a very fuzzy Queen she’s new she’s young she’s fresh
and she is doing a great job so I hope you’re enjoying this watching your
Queens having an observation hive huge advantage let’s me see what’s going on I
can see what their production is if she’s playing if they have lots of
resources and they do they’ve got pollen resources everywhere they have let’s see
two full frames of nectar the top two frames and they are drawing out comb on
one of the upper frames outside edge so they’re making those combs deeper in a
previous video I showed that they were working it up and now they are filling
those with nectar already so there’s a very productive colony super healthy no
evidence of small hive beetle no evidence of wax moths and wax worms of
course although sometimes even on a healthy colony when you have an
observation hive you can see early stages of wax worms and they’ll try to
move through the comb especially the bird comb that’s attached to the glass
but as soon as those wax worms get large enough to start
through the cone the bees dispatch them and remove them so right now there are
no paths inside this hive that we can see and if of course we end up with
Varela or something like that we’ll have to treat so if you have questions about
these comments about bees the Queen go ahead and write them down below feel
free of course to subscribe as always I am amazed to learn that based on the
analytics on this channel 92% of my viewers are not subscribers so that’s
funny to me because we have a little over 52,000 subscribers at the time that
we’re making this video but 92 percent of my viewers we get over 400,000 views
a month every 28 days so those are people just stopping by I guess but I
would love it if more people subscribed now that we show the whole thing look at
how you could spot the Queen here she’s moving along on the frames
she’s very conspicuous and of course we’re lighting them up everything that
you’re seeing here would normally be happening in total darkness that’s why
there’s so much touching going on let’s see their antennae are touching the the
Queen constantly they’re grooming to make sure that she’s clean that
nothing’s on her there’s no varroa they’re gonna constantly attend to her
and feed her they follow her everywhere and look at this brood pattern now this
is above the frame that we were just looking at but she has packed it solid
and this is the outside of two frames that are sandwiched together the insides
we can only assume our solid brood the other side it’s also solid brood we are
gonna get a busting out population of worker bees in this colony very soon and
then we’re gonna pan down and see when can you spot the Queen there she is
lower left and of course still egg-laying here we are 19 20 minutes
into this observation and she is just going gangbusters laying egg after egg
after egg I have time some of my other Queens prior to this one and they might
lay an egg every five 10-15 seconds this Queen ramps up her
speed sometimes and lays eggs every 3 or 4 seconds thanks for watching this video
I hope you got something out of it lots of fun to watch the Queen and I expect
great things from her have a great weekend

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