When Executioner Wasps Attack

From their feeding habits to their tissue-damaging
venom, here are 8 stinging facts about the executioner wasp Number 8 It’s native to South and Central
America The executioner wasp is a large, yellow, and
brown insect that can be found in countries ranging from Mexico to northern Argentina. These insects belong to the order hymenoptera,
which also includes other species of wasps, bees, ants and sawflies. They tend to prefer coastal and humid locations
and are prevalent in tropical forests. This species doesn’t seem to be particularly
territorial, as their hives have often been found near other nests housing Polybia and
Mischocyttarus wasps. Since they prefer tropical weather, the females
hibernate during the winter. They become plumper and fuller during autumn,
in order to withstand this period of stillness. The executioner wasp feeds mainly on caterpillars
and nectar, but will prey on other small insects as well. Today’s video was requested by goated2kplayer9990. If you have any other topics you’d like to
learn about subscribe and let us know in the comments section below. Number 7 It can sting more than once Unlike bees, the executioner wasp and all
other similar species, have no fixed limit of times they might sting their prey and perceived
enemies. Bees must carefully choose when to use their
prime defense mechanism as they end up losing both their stingers and a great portion of
their digestive tract. This leads to the bee perishing soon after
the attack. The wasp, however, merely runs out of venom,
and must simply wait for it to be replenished. They’re capable of portioning the venom
they release in each sting, and their poison gland is in charge of renewing it. There’s nothing that prevents them from
continuing to sting once the venom is drained, though. This makes them far more likely to attack
on demand, and makes them especially dangerous, as they can continue to assault their victims
until they no longer feel threatened or annoyed. The executioner wasp is not a particularly
territorial insect, but it won’t hesitate to attack when it believes its hive’s integrity
is in danger. Before we continue with our list, answer this
question. How many queens are usually found in an executioner
wasp’s nest? Is it: a. More than 10
b. Five
c. One
d. None Let us know what you think in the comments
section below and stay tuned to find out the right answer. Number 6 Their nests are often small and underpopulated Though most wasp nests usually house up to
6000 individuals during the peak of summer, executioner wasps prefer to keep their groups
small and tight-knit. These hives tend to be around 3.5 inches in
diameter and accept groups of 4 to 13 individuals. This particular type of wasp is sociable by
nature, and their nests usually include several horizontal cells where their offspring are
kept apart from the rest of the group. The young are also protected from possible
predators and dangers. In urban areas the executioner wasp’s hive
hangs from the edges of roofs in cities and towns, where they can find protection from
the wind and the rain, while also remaining hidden. In the wild, they’ll choose low branches
of spiky trees instead, with a preference for areas close to swamps. Their hives may be small but executioners
are actually the largest among the neotropical wasp species. Even though it owns an incredibly painful
sting, this insect is surprisingly nonaggressive. That is, of course, unless it’s provoked. Number 5 Only female wasps have stingers There are many differences between male and
female wasps. Not only are the males of the species usually
smaller and thinner, but they actually have no stinger at all! If you’re stung by an executioner wasp,
there’s no doubt that a female was the culprit. These significant differences occur because
the female’s anatomy has evolved in accordance to the extra weight and space required to
carry the eggs, making their abdomen larger and more prominent. The reason they carry a stinger while males
don’t, is related to their reproductive system. The ovipositor allows them to deposit the
eggs to be fertilized and in turn, grants them their greatest defense mechanism. Even though a male wasp can’t actually sting
you, sometimes they’ll mimic this act while defending themselves purely out of instinct. Number 4 It has spiky mandibles The executioner wasp has short yet wide jaws
outside their actual mouths, which they rely on for practical use during their daily chores. Working as tongs, these mandibles allow the
wasp to cut pieces of vegetation, grab small objects or even dig sections of their hives
while constructing them. It also works as a terrifying way of seizing
a tiny insect and killing it, usually by decapitation, in order to get a quick meal. In addition to these appendixes, the executioner
wasp also owns large teeth, with the third one usually being considerably larger than
those of other species, making it a terrifying predator for bugs living near their nests. They are notorious for their long lifespans,
managing to survive for 6 to 18 months, which is far more than other wasp species. Number 3 The pain of being stung by one can
last over 24 hours! In 2015, a YouTube personality known as Coyote
Peterson decided to conduct an experiment to test the physical effects that being stung
by different venomous insects had on the human body. He uploaded several videos to his channel,
comparing different stings and the pain they produced. During the fall of 2018, Peterson decided
to get stung by the Executioner wasp, which he claimed would be the last video he uploaded
from this series. Apparently, not only was the sting incredibly
painful, but the discomfort didn’t subside for almost 36 hours! Not only that but he claimed that the residual
effects, though far milder, lasted for another whole week. The YouTuber stated that this particular sting
had been far more severe than the Japanese giant hornet’s and the bullet ant’s attacks,
which are described as two of the most painful stings in the world. He thus dubbed the executioner as the “king
of the sting”. Number 2 Its sting doesn’t appear in the
Schmidt sting pain index Justin Schmidt was an entomologist born in
the late 1940s, who won a Nobel Prize for physiology back in 2015. He created a sting pain index, in which the
distress caused by hymenopteran attacks was analyzed and classified into four distinct
classes. Schmidt claims to have been stung by the majority
of Hymenoptera insects. Pain level one is the mildest and includes
insects like the southern fire ant and most normal beetles. Level four, on the other side of the index,
is reserved for the most critical levels of pain, only for the worst possible stings. The bullet ant and warrior wasp can be found
at this level. In fact, the bullet ant was the only insect
to be given a rating of 4+. At the time Schmidt created his classification,
the executioner wasp hadn’t been discovered yet, and thus it doesn’t have a real position
in the index. Peterson, who we’ve previously mentioned
on this list, claims it was, without a doubt, the worst sting he’d experienced during
his experiments. So, how many queens can usually be found in
an executioner wasp’s nest? The right
answer was c, just one queen per hive! The worker wasps will not tolerate more than
a single monarch, and if several queen wasps are born in a certain colony, the original
one will murder the would-be-usurpers. This is meant to avoid creating confusion
within the hive. Number 1 Its venom can cause tissue necrosis Not only can the executioner’s sting be
excruciatingly painful for those suffering from their attack, but it can also leave behind
permanent scars. Since it’s a relatively small insect, the
effect its venom has on an adult human being won’t be long-lasting, but the marks it
leaves behind may very well be. Not only will it cause inflammation in the
affected area, which can last up to a few days, but it can also tear the tissue surrounding
it, creating small indentations or holes in the skin. This can produce a permanent scar in an adult. If it can inflict this level of damage on
mammalian skin just imagine the harm its venom would cause a small insect! Thanks for watching! Would you rather try to outrun a group of
bees and risk getting caught by all of them, or allow a single executioner wasp to sting
youw on the nose? Let us know in the comments section below!

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